Controlling blood sugar is the main treatment goal of diabetes. Regular monitoring of blood sugar and as needed, the level of ketones, is fundamental to diabetes treatment and the person having diabetes has to participate actively in this monitoring. No matter how one is managing ones diabetes- through oral medicine or insulin or through exercise and diet alone- regular monitoring provides an instant feedback on how effective is your effort.
Many easy-to-use diabetes monitors are available in the market that help you do blood sugar test at home. A very important thing is in this regard is know how to interpret the numbers after monitoring and what action to take. One should know what numbers are too high or too low and should consult a health care provider immediately if the numbers go out of the target range.
In case of Type 1 diabetes, that is a result is an autoimmune disorder, the immune system destroys the cells in the pancreas that are responsible for producing insulin. Insulin is required to convert food into energy. People suffering from this type of diabetes need to take insulin. Careful diabetes monitoring is highly important to give the right insulin dosage to the patient.
In case you are suffering from Type 2 diabetes, then your body is not producing enough insulin or not responding properly to the produced insulin. The doctor may require you to regularly run a test called HbA1c (A1C or glycosylated haemoglobin test). This test gives a clear picture of average blood sugar control related to past two or three months. Diet, exercise and enhanced activity can treat such diabetes in some cases while other may require oral medications or extra insulin. Regular monitoring helps in understanding how well blood sugar level is being controlled and the sort of medication needed.